The liver is a vital organ that performs a wide variety of critical life sustaining functions. Your liver processes everything you eat, drink, breathe, and absorb through your skin. It helps break food down into essential nutrients for energy and filters out harmful substances from your blood.
Unfortunately, 30 million Egyptians are personally affected by liver disease. Nearly 100 liver diseases affect men, women, and children of every age and ethnicity from every social and economic background.
Statistics on the prevalence of liver disease are startling--
- Up to 5.4 million Egyptians have chronic hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection. About 65% and 75% of the infected populations are unaware that they are infected with HBV and HCV, respectively.
- Up to 25% of Egyptians may have non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, a condition that can cause life-threatening liver damage.
- Primary liver cancer is one of the few cancers on the rise in egypt.
- Chronic liver disease/cirrhosis is the 12th leading cause of death in egypt. Liver disease is the 4th leading cause of death in the egypt between the ages of 45 and 54 years.
Eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly help the liver to work well. Eating an unhealthy diet can lead to liver disease. For example, a person who eats a lot of fatty foods is at higher risk of being overweight and having non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
- Eat foods from all the food groups: grains, protein, dairy, fruits, vegetables, and fats
- Eat foods that have a lot of fiber such as fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grain breads, rice and cereals
Limit the Amount of Alcohol You Drink
Alcohol can damage or destroy liver cells. Liver damage can lead to the build up of fat in your liver (fatty liver), inflammation or swelling of your liver (alcoholic hepatitis), and/or scarring of your liver (cirrhosis). For people with liver disease, even a small amount of alcohol can make the disease worse. Talk to your doctor about what amount of alcohol is right for you.
Manage Your Medications
When medicines are taken incorrectly – by taking too much or the wrong type or by mixing – the liver can be harmed.
- Learn about medicines and how they can affect the liver
- Follow dosing instructions
- Talk to a doctor or pharmacist often about the medicines you are taking
Avoid Breathing in or Touching Toxins
Toxins can injure liver cells.
- Limit direct contact with toxins from cleaning and aerosol products, insecticides, chemicals, and additives in cigarettes
- Do not smoke